Anaphylaxis – sometimes called “allergic shock”, is a severe allergic reaction, which can lead to rapid death, if untreated. Although peanuts may be the most common allergen causing anaphylaxis in student(s), anaphylaxis is a life-threatening condition regardless of the substance which triggers it. In addition to peanuts, the foods most frequently implicated in anaphylaxis are tree nuts (e.g. hazelnuts, walnuts, almonds, cashews) cow’s milk and eggs. Fish, shellfish, wheat and soy are potentially lethal allergens as well; anaphylaxis is occasionally induced by fruits and other foods. Nonfood triggers of anaphylactic reactions include insect venom, medications, latex (and rarely, vigorous exercise).
While the Division cannot guarantee an allergen-free environment, the Division will take every reasonable step to ensure a safe environment for student(s) with life-threatening allergies.
- It is the responsibility of parent(s) /guardian(s) with anaphylactic student(s) to identify their student(s) to the Principal and to ensure their student(s) wears an allergy alert bracelet.
- When informed of this student(s) the Principal shall request from the parent(s) or guardian(s) written information regarding:
- The foods which trigger an anaphylactic reaction.
- A treatment protocol, signed by the student(s) physician.
- Any changes in the student’s condition from previous years or since last reported.
- Permission to post photographs and medical information in key locations, will be in classroom, school bus, staff room, etc.
- All information listed above will be up-dated annually.
- Detailed information and in-service using “ANAPHYLAXIS: A Handbook for School Boards” shall be provided to all staff, along with specific information about each anaphylactic student(s) in attendance.
- The student(s) classroom teacher shall ensure that information is kept in a place where it will be highly visible and readily understood by substitute teachers/ educational assistants and classroom volunteers.
- The Principal shall ensure that in-service is provided annually to school personnel (in schools where anaphylactic student(s) are enrolled on how to recognize and treat anaphylactic reaction, on the school procedures to protect anaphylactic student(s) from exposure and on school protocol for responding to emergencies.
- The school will develop a response protocol and ensure that all staff is aware of how to implement it. A separate emergency plan is to be developed for the anaphylactic student(s), in conjunction with the student’s parent(s) or guardian(s) and physician, and kept in a readily accessible location. The plan is to identify clearly individual roles.
- An up-to-date supply of auto-injectors, provided by the parent(s) or guardian(s), shall be available in an easily accessible, unlocked area of the student(s) classroom and/or in the office or staff room of the school.
- School emergency procedures for each anaphylactic student(s) shall be reviewed annually with staff and parent(s) or guardian(s). In the event of an emergency response, an immediate evaluation of the procedure is to be undertaken.
- All staff members (teaching and non-teaching) shall be made aware that a student(s) with anaphylaxis is attending their school, and that student(s) shall be identified, either individually or at a staff meeting before or immediately after the student(s) registers at the school.
- An allergy-alert form, with description of the allergy, treatment and action plan must be placed in key locations such as the office, staff room, school bus and wherever the student(s) epinephrine auto-injector is stored.
- All teachers and staff who may be in a position of responsibility for children with anaphylaxis (including bus drivers), will receive personal training in the use of the auto-injector.
- Where possible, parent(s) or guardian(s) are to be encouraged to participate directly in training staff in emergency response and the use of the auto-injector as part of a formal in-service delivered by public health or other medical personnel.
- The Principal, in consultation with school staff, is to develop strategies for monitoring allergen-free areas, and for identifying high-risk areas for anaphylactic student(s). For example: If the classroom must be used as a lunchroom, establish it as an “allergen-free” area, using a cooperative approach with student(s) and parent(s) or guardian(s).
- The Principal is to:
- Require anaphylactic student(s) to eat food only prepared at home;
- Discourage the sharing of food, utensils, and containers; and
- Encourage the anaphylactic student to take mealtime precautions.
Sections 18, 20, 45, 60, 61, 113 School Act
Emergency Medical Aid Act
Board Policy 1 Division Foundational Statements
Board Policy 12 Role of the Superintendent
Revised July 2010